The ‘D’ word is back with more focus and attention. DATA is the word and it is kick-starting new conversations about how to target student success – again. Unifying data to show the ‘whole of student view’ and to support personalised learning is a must have for schools moving forwards. It seems the ‘need to deliver stronger student outcomes’ reset button was pressed hard by Gonski 2.0.
While banks and business have been executing KYC (know your customer) strategies and analytics for years, schools are starting to rethink what they could do with their DATA. Could schools really apply similar KYC strategies, possibly modifying the acronym to ‘KYS’ and use data to better ‘know your student’? Many school experiences with data analytics have delivered expensive rear vision mirrors. Schools know they need to look forwards into the ‘now’ of student learning, be responsive today and better manage what happens next. Using current DATA is a great way to support agile teaching opportunities.
In Australia, Gonski 2.0 re-surfaced a reasonable goal that the education system should deliver a year of learning for every year of school attendance. I would suggest that to do that effectively for each student, schools must focus on a ‘KYS’ strategy built on the premise of a ‘now’ capability. With advances in thinking around data and learning records it’s now a good time to take another look at what schools can do to get a data culture and ‘now’ capability up and running without starting a big project. We suggest a strategy that starts at D and works up to C, B and then A.
Schools around Australia are about to be flooded with more diagnostic data as we write this blog. The annual NAPLAN gates are about to open. What if this and other data could quickly open learning insights into students for teachers. Is this not the future of information that we want?
ABC and D (for Data) ABC has always been a simple metaphor for describing a three-step success process. It’s also the simple acronym that has guided, and oversimplified, the data approach taken by some schools. Access some data (usually obvious data), Build charts with some BI talent and Corral support from people to look at what we found. Easy as ABC? Not really. There is limited value in all of this for teachers and growing learning. If we were to suggest a more complete approach to building up the components of a data strategy, we would:
- stick with the ABC metaphor. It’s known as simple and that must remain.
- add a ‘D’ making it a 4-step process
- change the meaning of each step
- start the process with D and work your way to A. Everything starts with data.
Creating the ability to store and access appropriate levels of data is a pivotal foundation of this discussion. It’s a fact that schools have many systems collecting information in well-defined data silos. SIS and LMS systems are just two systems that have established feature boundaries. Many other systems collect data and add significant value, but all stand alone. The storage capability needed to deliver a whole-of-student view also needs some re-thinking. Aggregating disparate data in various shapes is a prerequisite to everything. To be economical and effective, all data must remain in the authentic shape and form in which it was recorded. Replication of full source system data sets is not a viable option. Subsets of source data, pointers and summary facts that represent the target data, need identification and consolidation.
Storage systems able to understand all types of data formats with the ability to bring everything together on demand will be the backbone of the system. Good data partners will have this capability. Schools must be offered agility of data, a standards-based approach to working with data and opportunities to integrate directly from their own data stores. When this is in place, the real excitement begins.
D is for DATA integration
There is so much data available in schools. Data supply is not the problem, simple data integration is. The key role of data integration is to combine multiple data sources to provide users with a unified view. Working under the assumption that all data is good data, schools usually have over 20 contributing and disparate data sources brimming with information. Have a look at just some of the data sources we work with here.
The common link in all learning data is a student reference. If you have 20 different sources, you may have up to 10 different student reference points. This stops the whole-of-student-view in its tracks. This is a key issue that needs attention in any data initiative. Then there is data dimensionality for each data source. Systems that measure mastery have different data dimensions than assessment systems that record percentage scores. Some data links to a curriculum, other data sources link skills. The point to make is that every data source has a contribution to make to a whole-of-student view and each data source should be loaded natively without loss of any dimensions.
The main objective of data integration is to deliver an immediate factual result to teachers. As soon as data is loaded, teachers should have immediate access in the context of their class and for each student. As more data is available, contexts broaden and so does the power of inquiry. Teachers should be encouraged to bring their hordes of data forward for inclusion. Don’t forget to include as much pastoral and wellness data as possible. The relationship between wellness and scores is significant. Teachers are right, it’s actually not all about scores. Achieving a quick turnaround on data visibility and access is key to progressing to C – Connectivity.
C is for Connectivity
Connecting to data is the next sustainability challenge of every system working with data. When you have worked out what data you have, where it comes from and what it contains, you really need to build in some automated connectivity to make data loads come to life – hands free where possible. Data comes from everywhere, much of it is stored in 3rd party systems and available only in simple download formats. The objective remains, bring as much data into one core supply system as possible. No-one gets a picture of a student by shopping across several disconnected data sources. These simple data formats, sometimes complex, need to be dealt with quickly and economically. There is no sense investing in expensive data connectors when data comes to you only once or twice a year. Working with good partners should see these data types fully supported so that you get the connectivity to data that you need, quickly.
New data sources should not break the bank either. If any data process requires extensive human intervention, the chances are it could get too hard and the outcome won’t be impactful. The best outcome is always for all data to be current, updated and reliable. Economy and turnaround are the two key drivers. Some LMS systems and SIS systems can support direct access to data with some schools having a level of direct access to their databases. If this is you, again, partners you work with should have connectors and options for you to leverage. When you have good connection and visibility of your data, start exploring step B – Building Alerts.
B is for Building Insights and Alerts
Building Insights and Alerts – also goes by the name of Business Intelligence. Once you have your data loaded, accessible and visible in your context, the next step is to bring Data Alerts into view. We use the term Alerts because in an ideal system, the data should come to you. Shopping for ideas and alerts in an online data mall of charts and dials can get overly complex to navigate. Try to resist building tickly and complex BI interfaces for teachers. There is no real intelligence contained in plots of hundreds of data points for teachers who are looking for specific alerts or clear threshold information.
Also resist the temptation to dumb all scores down to be an average. The cute animated dial that says ‘Average 56%’ will miss outliers and hot spots every time. Alerts should be personalised for leaders and teachers, by leaders and teachers. The classic teacher hunch needs to be supported with flexible rather than fixed inquiry modes. Data attributes and options should be available for inquiry without teachers knowing what is necessarily available. ‘Following your gut’ is a true cognitive skill rather than looking at a chart we prepared earlier. Alerts should scale across all data sets allowing pastoral data to be included as an influence alongside gradebook data or summative results.
Once data has been loaded and connected, the system should support the ‘hunch’ – in any context, across school , class or student data. Alerts should show movement, showing the same results compared to last term, year or week. If an alert is tracking a hunch, you want to see movement without having to track or back-track the detail yourself. Building out Alerts and insights should not be not a technical or expensive task. Teachers and leaders need a simple system that supports them using data to improve teaching and learning. Literatu CEO Mark Stanley is right when he says , ‘when learning data is easy to use, teachers use it’.
A is for Assistive and Adaptive intelligence
With data volumes available, wouldn’t it be good to have some assistive insights into it all? It’s quite easy for technology companies to over talk AI, what’s possible and what it can ‘do’. As a comparative to human intelligence, AI still has a long way to go. All artificial intelligence is initiated and structured by humans. Computers have no general intelligence that does the cognitive processing we do every day. Recent research pitched the smartest AI machines at the cognitive level of a 5-year-old human, with the exception that a 5-year-old child knows the difference between right and wrong and can pick the red hat up off the floor.
So, what can AI deliver now. Well the answer is DATA crunching and a good level of “what we have noticed”. With over 20 data sources for a school of 1000 students, each with say 200 learning ‘observations’ per year tracked across 5 subjects, you are up to a quantum of 20,000,000 learning events your school has stored. Welcome to AI and what can be done.
Did you know there is a strong correlation between Music in Year 7 and mathematical ability? Did you know that English skills are on the rise and have been in Year 8 for two consecutive terms? AI is a viable opportunity that schools should not miss. It needs three things to make it work. D for data (lots of it), C for connectivity to keep supply happening and BI only to get a sense of direction as to what you think is a valid hypothesis.
AI is a process that sets structured and unstructured sequences of discovery in motion. The most common starting point for AI is correlation discovery and that is something that can be done without taking out a second mortgage. You do need to have a good supply of data! You will love it when a panel opens in your day and says, ” I thought you might be interested in this”. You will be amazed when you see what computing power can do. It’s just a bit quicker than us because that’s all it does, right?
The core intention of discussing these steps, strategies and challenges in some detail is inspire schools to get motivated about data and what it can do. Sure there are challenges but these challenges all dissipate when you have the the right platform, strategy sequence and data partners. DCBA can be as quick or methodical as you like, it is actually all about you. If you start with D, you will accelerate to B and that will be an awesome start.
Don’t get fixated on building visuals into data. All that will do is display the explainable, and restate what is already known…really. BI is not charts. BC is Business Charts, the I stands for intelligence. They are quite different and after some weeks of looking at charts, your teachers will go back to their cognitive powers of perception and human intelligence. Technology should be working with you on your hunches and finding the gold in the hills that opens a whole new opportunity. This is what the mission should be.
This week the future of ATAR in Australia was discussed. It seems the ATAR has lost its significance and magnetism for employers, seemingly Universities also. Imagine being able to hand a student a complete learning ledger at the end of their schooling years, a digital ledger of achievement across all subjects and participation, certified by the school. In the near future the focus will move away from exams towards a journey record of lifelong education and progress.
This record must be supported by longitudinal data. It’s amazing how fast this will happen but it won’t happen without data and data integrity. It all starts with schools. There really is minimal competitive advantage in collecting learning data just so you can say you have it and you use it. Every school could implement the same or similar systems, every school has access to the the same or similar data sets. Not every school has the leadership and commitment to sponsor a proactive data culture to build data collection, let the data speak , listen to what the data is saying… and then act on those messages. Yet again cognitive humans are the only ones who can build and realise the competitive advantage contained in data.